How to Install Ubuntu 10.04 LTS or Ubuntu 11.04 on Desktop or Laptop
by: Revengksky Joseph D. Reyes (a.k.a rjdreyes – jcyberinux.com)
Lately, I install Ubuntu 10.04 on Virtual Box, and pretty same thing on how you install it at your very own computer.
Computer Specifications: ASUS P5P800S Motherboard, 2GB DDR Kingston, Intel Pentium 4 Processor 3.0 GHz, DVDRW ROM, 500 GB Seagate HDD, Orion Casing with PSU 500watts .
Here are the Steps / Instructions on How to Install Ubuntu 10.04 Lucid Lynx LTS using Virtual Disk Image (VDI) or at your very own computer.
1. Download an Ubuntu 10.04 Lucid Lynx LTS ISO image at Ubuntu Official Site. (If you already have an ISO, skip this process)
2. You may put the Ubuntu 10.04 ISO burn to CD/DVD blank disc or put to your USB stick, or used the ISO image (if you’re using VirtualBox).
3. At your computer, Press DEL/Delete to invoke the BIOS settings, (Usually or in most cases, Press DEL to enter BIOS). Then at BIOS Setup, find the Boot Option or Category, then find the 1st Boot Priority, Select it and change to DVDROM Drive / Optical Drive you have. If you using USB stick just change it to 1st Boot Priority on USB Stick.
Save it, and quit to BIOS.
4. Upon restarting, your Bootable USB or Optical Drive be booted, you’ll able to see Ubuntu starting to load on Installation.
5. At Installation Setup, if you tap or press a key button while installation beginning, it will prompt a choices, Try Ubuntu without installing, Install Ubuntu, Check disc for defects, Test memory, Boot from first hard disk. (Otherwise, if you didn’t push any key press then it will forward you for more suitable interface of installation).
6. This is another Installation Setup Interface (better looking than the first one).
Choose Language, English on default, then it will give you an option to Try Ubuntu 10.04.1 LTS or without any changes (meaning the DVD/CD ROM or USB Flash Drive will try to boot up the Ubuntu for you without installation). Or Install Ubuntu 10.04.1 LTS.
Choose Install Ubuntu 10.04.1 LTS, to begin to process of installation on your computer.
7. Kindly wait for the Setting up the Clock. Then Regional Settings, put your location(Region – for example : Asia), (Time zone – for example : Philippines Time). Click Forward afterwards.
8. Then the Keyboard Layout, Choose the similar keyboard, I choose Suggested option: USA, then type on the test textbox for your new keyboard layout. Click Forward afterwards.
9. Disk Space Partition, you may choose to install Ubuntu of the following way:
Erase and use the Entire Disk (If you want to install Ubuntu on the Entire disk, and no planning for any partition for future used, such as installing another Operating System.)
Click Forward afterwards. (Go to Step 10)
Specify partitons manually (advanced) (If you planning to make another partition, by using a portion of the Disk to be used on the installation of Ubuntu.) Click Forward afterwards.
Partiton Table appears, click to New Partition Table(if you continue this it will removed current partition if any, you can also undo this later on.)Click Continue.
New Partition Table created, then click on the free space, then click Add. Then to create a new partition, fill the information, Type for the new partition Primary or Logical disk. Choose Primary.
Next is New Partition Size, for an example I make it 10999 MB = 10 or 11 GB space. Since I got a 21474 MB = 21GB space.(I cut it on half, well actually not to exact ^_^).
Location for the new partition, Beginning or End, choose Beginning. (Ubuntu – Linux OS has a different way on handling file types and file system, where the files should be put on the free space. It doesn’t follow the handling of files such as Windows.)
Then Use as : select Ext4 journaling file system, as you can see it doesn’t used NTFS or FAT32. It is a Linux file system. Then Mount Point, select the /. Click OK Afterwards.
As the example, select the newly created partition, /dev/sda1 ext4 format – check it
(Note: You revert or undo the partition changes, by clicking revert.)
When already done, Click Forward afterwards.
(Oppss.. it looks like, we forgot to make a swap space file. This will ensure that, the performance of the memory will not suffer, let say the physical memory run out, it will resume with the backup memory like swap it will suffice the scarce memory. Click Go Back)
Click again on the free space, then Click Add, then at the Use as: select swap area, then at the partition size, you may put 1GB or more if you like but I think you won’t use farther than 1GB or 2GB, I make it 2GB for sufficiency(Note: 2000MB – 2GB, then new partition select Logical, location for the new partition select Beginning). Then click OK.
Then again, Select the /dev/sda1 free space, and click Forward.
10. Next is the Account Details, Fill the following information. Type your Name, Username (the name you want to use to log in.), then the Password, then Confirm Password. (It must be match.), Computer Name(What is the name of the computer).
Then, choose among the following options: Login automatically, Require my password to log in, Require my password to log in and to decrypt my home folder. I choose the second option, Require my password to log in. It will ask a password before you can login on your Ubuntu Desktop Account.
Click Forward afterwards you complete the necessary information.
11. Summary of installation, click on Advanced…, at Advanced Options click the check box Install boot loader. Then the Device for boot loader installation, choose the proper device to put the boot loader.
/dev/sdb … etc.. represents your hard disk partition or devices so check your partition.
Sda – 1st hard disk, sdb – 2nd hard disk, sdc – 3rd hard disk, etc… Linux represents this as ID’s.
However, you may encounter sda1, sda2, etc… this means sda1 - 1st hard disk, 1st partition, sda2 – 1st hard disk, 2nd partition. So be literate on this. ^_^ or it will be confusing later on.
If you used the entire disk to install Ubuntu, you may encounter only one device for boot loader such as the example earlier. If you had more than one partition you may encounter more device for the boot loader.
To be wise, put the boot loader on the same physical disk were in your going to install on ubuntu. (As example the /dev/sda, this will ensure that the boot loader will not encounter any conflict within the other disk boot loader.)
(Note: There are other cases like, if you had a Windows Operating System Partition , then you planning to install Ubuntu on the other partition space disk of the same physical disk. You need to set the Primary partition or the Active primary partition. So that, after the installation and the computer restart, it will go to Ubuntu Boot Loader, not on the Windows Boot Loader.)
I will discussing sooner or later about Installating Ubuntu OS with Windows OS on the otherside, or Dual Boot or Multi Boot OS. And also expected to have a Hiren’s Boot in case you lose your MBR.
12. After you choose your Boot Loader Device, click OK. Then click Install, to start Installation process.
After Installation process, click Restart Now.
Viola! You successfully installed Ubuntu on your Computer System.
Click your Account, input your password then click Login!
Welcome to Ubuntu World!